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Respecting Indigenous Terminology

Native American Vs American Indian Vs Indigenous

Regardless of which term you use, it’s important to approach conversations with Indigenous people with respect and care. They’re often defensive about how they’re portrayed in the media and by others.

They’re also changing how they see themselves. For instance, many are pushing for the 2020 Census to ask about tribal affiliation separately from racial identity.

Native American

There is a wide range of terms that refer to indigenous people in the United States and Canada. The term Native American is the most neutral in both countries, although many Indigenous people prefer to use their own endonyms (such as Cree or Lakota). A new question on the census that allows individuals to self-identify their tribal affiliation would be a step towards delinking indigeneity from race and getting a more accurate picture of the population.

However, the best way to avoid offending someone is to ask them which term they prefer. Then, listen to their answer with respect. For example, the Native American Journalists Association is currently voting on a rebranding to Indigenous Journalists Association, which reflects changing trends in cultural identity. The organization hopes that the name change will help to create an environment of mutual respect and understanding. The vote ends Aug. 10. This story originally appeared on UCLA Today. Follow the team on Twitter: @UCLAToday.

American Indian

The term Indian is still used by many Native-run organizations and government agencies, but it can carry a history of negative stereotypes. Many Indigenous people feel it conflates a specific racial grouping and the concept of tribal nationhood, Ellis said.

In addition, the word evokes colonial associations as Europeans equated the behavior of Indigenous people with savagery as they expanded into new territories. Some Indigenous people avoid using the term and prefer instead to use a specific tribe name for themselves.

The terms Indigenous people and American Indian are also acceptable, but each person has a preference on how they would like to be addressed. The best way to avoid using the wrong term is to ask the person you are talking with what they prefer. If they don’t have a preference, use the term that the majority of their community uses. This will help ensure accuracy and respect. For example, the Osage, Caddo, Kiowa, and Comanche consider themselves Indigenous to Oklahoma.


When you’re referring to Native people in general, it’s best to stick with “Native American” or “Indigenous.” You should also check with the individual person you’re addressing to determine what they prefer.

In some cases, it matters to use the tribe name, especially if the person has self-identified with that particular Native nation. For instance, if someone is a citizen of the White Earth Nation, they should be addressed as such. The same is true of the Metis, a group from western Canada that blends European (often French Canadian) and Aboriginal culture.

Many tribal leaders want to move away from terms like “Indian,” which is a vestige of Columbus’s blunder and categorizes them as Americans, a name they didn’t choose. They are fighting for recognition of their rights to reclaim their heritage. That’s why they’re calling for decolonizing language and advocating for a shift to Indigenous Peoples Day, rather than Columbus Day. This is a worldwide movement.

First Nation

The term First Nation refers to hundreds of individual tribes and nations that inhabited the Americas long before European colonists. Many Indigenous people prefer this term over others, such as Native American or Indian because it emphasizes their tribal identity.

It is best to always ask the person you are talking to which they prefer, as this could vary based on their tribe, age, or culture. Using their preferred terminology shows that you respect them.

For instance, while the term “Indian” is still used in some contexts, some Indigenous people feel it’s a pejorative because of its association with Columbus Day and other racist stereotypes. They also have to endure ongoing human rights abuses that force them off their traditional lands and into low-resource reservations or cities, where they’re often mistreated by police or suffer from substance addiction. As a result, they’re more likely to have poor health outcomes and life expectancy than non-Indigenous people.

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The Invisible Network: Unveiling the Role of 카지노총판 in the Online Gaming IndustryThe Invisible Network: Unveiling the Role of 카지노총판 in the Online Gaming Industry

Venturing into the dynamic landscape of online gaming, one term often emerges shimmering with intrigue: 카지노총판. This Korean phrase, which translates to ‘casino distributor’, is a pivotal component in the web of gaming operations. Picture this: a realm where the thrill of chance coalesces with the strategic dance of business partnerships – that’s the world of a casino distributor.

Imagine strolling through the digital alleys of gaming platforms, the glowing screens a gateway to a universe brimming with opportunities. At the heart lies the strategic alliance between casinos and their distributors. A 카지노총판 doesn’t just blindly distribute; they are maestros of networking, experts in marketing, and pillars supporting the vast edifice of the gaming industry. Their role? To weave together players and platforms in a tapestry of exhilarating gameplay and mutual benefit.

When we delve into the mechanics of their operations, we discover a rich tapestry of responsibilities. They negotiate deals, carve out market territories, and provide the vital links in the user acquisition chain. These distributors harness the power of relationships, ensuring that each spin of the roulette wheel and shuffle of the deck reaches a wider audience, cultivating a thriving community of players.

Delving deeper into this narrative, let’s consider the essence of human engagement in online gaming. A 카지노총판 masters the art of creating an environment where players don’t just come to play; they come to experience a story, a journey filled with wins, losses, and the sweet taste of the thrill. Each game becomes more than just a game—it’s a narrative that the player shapes with every decision and chance encounter.

A casino distributor, like any good craftsman, tailors their strategies to the ever-evolving desires of the market. Just like the shifting sands of fortune in a game of blackjack, they adapt, ensuring that their services stay relevant, engaging, and ahead of the curve. Player satisfaction isn’t just a goal; it’s the currency that fuels the ecosystem of online gaming.

As we glide towards our conclusion, consider the harmony within the chaos, the meticulous design in the randomness, and the order in the disarray of online gaming. 카지노총판 stands as a symbol of this contradiction, a beacon guiding the industry through the labyrinth of competition and technology.

So, when you next place your bets or spin the slot reels, take a moment to acknowledge the invisible network, the artful choreography of the casino distributor. They are the unsung heroes whose efforts elevate the experience from a mere click to an odyssey.


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A casino distributor, referred to as 카지노총판 in Korean, is an entity responsible for distributing online casino services to various regions and managing partnerships between casinos and their client bases.

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They are critical in connecting casinos with their audiences, driving player acquisition, and supporting the industry’s growth through dynamic marketing and distribution strategies.

Advocating for Indigenous Language Revitalization and PreservationAdvocating for Indigenous Language Revitalization and Preservation

An Insight Into the Indigenous Language Institute

An indigenous language institute provides vital language related services to native communities so that their individual identities, traditional wisdom and values are passed on to future generations in their own languages.

AILDI’s most immediate impacts can be seen in indigenous schools, classrooms and community language programs. Previously unwritten languages are being committed to writing.

Purposes and Goals

AILDI is dedicated to advocacy and support of schools that utilize Indigenous languages as the medium of instruction. These schools are not just teaching a subject in the Indigenous language, but are providing opportunities for students to learn their culture and heritage.

Ultimately, these schools provide a pathway that prioritizes language survival while producing academic and social outcomes on par with or better than those of non-native students. This model of education also supports community revitalization and the preservation of Indigenous languages.

ILI accomplishes its work by leveraging resources and networking to build partnerships between community language practitioners, educators, researchers and scholars. These partnerships are realized through a national clearinghouse, a Resource Library and a field survey project, as well as regional training workshops and scholarly symposia.

Field Survey Project

The field survey project brings together indigenous families and students to share experiences of language revitalization and preservation. This shared knowledge helps to build trust and strengthen connections across generations.

Many indigenous communities are working to heal the trauma caused by decades of government policies aimed at forcibly assimiling them. These efforts are crucial to preserving their languages.

NILI is one of a number of programs worldwide that are helping to reclaim languages from oblivion and revitalize them for their own people. Those programs all share common components, such as curriculum development; community and parent involvement; and written teaching materials. Indigenous languages are not merely tools for learning; they are part of people’s identities and spirituality, and connect them to their homeland (Engman and Hermes 2021). They also support the transmission of highly specialized place-based knowledges and ecocentric worldviews.

Information Resource Center (Clearinghouse)

For many people, their language is an integral part of identity, culture and healing. For some communities, language is an endangered treasure that needs reviving and preserving.

NILI offers resources and referrals to those interested in learning the languages of their ancestral homes. These include a national clearinghouse and resource library, a field survey project, and national and regional symposia and workshops.

The institute also provides training in the use of multimedia technology to enable community language practitioners to create materials in their heritage languages, such as storybooks and Internet programs. It offers a Language Materials Development Center and hosts an annual Youth Language Fair. In addition, it publishes resource directories and “how to” handbooks for communities. It also holds an annual honors event and produces a semi-annual newsletter.

Regional Training Workshops

Decades of government policies aimed at forcibly assimiling Native Americans resulted in the severe diminishment and, at times, loss of many Indigenous languages. The institute continues to address the damage caused by this legacy through language revitalization and preservation efforts.

– Multimedia Technology Training workshops introduce participants to technology that supports heritage language use and teaching: computer software and fonts, storybook creation and digital storytelling. NILI also provides a language recording lab to convert older formats into current and stable media for future recordings.

This session teaches the principles of evaluation and provides a hands-on experience with developing an evaluation plan for a specific initiative, program or exhibit. Participants will learn how to report results from an evaluation to internal teams and external audiences.

RELATE Seminars

AILDI is more than just a summer program. It’s a year-round effort to promote sustainable avenues for community language and literacy development and to reform local educational practices. This collaboration has entailed site visits and research, linguistic consulting by telephone, and collaborative materials development. It also has established lasting ties between indigenous educators and AILDI faculty.

“AILDI has been a major reason that I came to the UO,” said Allyson Alvarado, who goes by Tayksiki, a Yakama graduate student and language revitalization activist. “Their workshops and conferences provide a great opportunity to learn more about my language and how to teach it.”

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Indigenous Band Songs: Inspiring Messages and Danceable RhythmsIndigenous Band Songs: Inspiring Messages and Danceable Rhythms

Indigenous Band Songs That Will Inspire You

From hip hop to hand drums, Indigenous music is a musical experience unlike any other. It delivers powerful messages wrapped up in danceable, grooving rhythms that put a spring in your step.

Mato Nanji and his siblings formed their band Indigenous while in their late teens. Their debut album Things We Do was released in 1998 and their title track’s video was directed by Chris Eyre, who also made the award winning Native American film Smoke Signals.

“America the Beautiful” by Jody Brown Indian Family

With a soulful voice and a heartfelt message, Jody Brown Indian Family delivers an uplifting song that will inspire you. The band’s music blends traditional and contemporary elements to create a unique sound that captures the hearts of listeners worldwide.

This song is a beautiful tribute to the beauty and strength of America. Its lyrics explore the importance of preserving one’s cultural heritage and fighting for the rights of others. The band’s acoustic guitar melody and simple drum beat set the perfect tone for this powerful song.

Jody Brown is a renowned indigenous musician and songwriter from Saskatchewan, Canada. His music is influenced by his cultural heritage and personal experiences, creating soul-stirring compositions that touch the heart of listeners worldwide. Brown’s virtuosity on the sitar, a traditional Indian stringed instrument, mesmerizes listeners with his intricate raga-based pieces. He is also a prolific artist, public speaker, and philanthropist. His activism around the Trans Mountain pipeline calls out environmental racism and highlights the need for Indigenous peoples to stand up for their rights and sovereignty.

“Native Blood” by Testament

The song “Native Blood” from San Francisco Bay Area thrash metal legends Testament tells the story of an indigenous youth growing up in a society ravaged by racism. The young man finds strength through his roots and nature and ultimately becomes a powerful warrior.

Songwriter Amanda Rheaume is a member of the Metis Nation who works tirelessly to promote indigenous music and raise awareness about important issues. This track, from her album Zhawenim, is a literal “fuck you” to centuries of oppression—along with a promise that better days are coming.

The Nakota band Indigenous is a family of three brothers and two sisters who started playing together as kids on South Dakota’s Yankton Indian Reservation. Their father, Greg Zephier—who was a blues musician himself in the ’60s and ’70s and later became a spokesperson for Native American rights—provided his children with the musical inspiration that led them to form their award-winning group in 1998. The band’s debut album Things We Do was a hit, and the title track’s video won an honor from B.B. King and was shown at the Sundance Film Festival.

“215” by Atsiaktonkie

Native American music has become more than just a form of expression. It is now used as a tool to raise awareness about issues affecting indigenous communities. Bands like Pete Sands & the Drifters use their music to help bring attention to issues such as the missing and murdered indigenous women epidemic.

The band, Indigenous, features Mato Nanji (Mah-TOE non-GEE) on vocals and guitar. The two-time Nammy award winner and his band expertly fuses folk-rock with the sounds of Akwesasne/Kanienkehaka (Mohawk) culture. The result is an eclectic blend of soulful offerings that will take listeners on a spiritual journey.

The lead guitarist, Levi, has the natural talent to slide across the stage with power chords that will have audiences captivated. His sound is reminiscent of classic rockers such as Stevie Ray Vaughn and Jimi Hendrix.

“Warrior” by War Party

Powered by transpersonal rage and aimed with elucidated anger, this song screams “the time for mere exposure of social evil is over.” It is the moment to strike back. “Warrior” is the anthem of the Kalika War Party Movement.

The group consists of brothers Mato Nanji (‘mah-TOE non-GEE’ vocals, guitar), Pte (‘peh-TAY’ bass guitar), and sister Wanbdi (‘wan-ba-DEE’ drums). Their father Greg Zephier was a musician in the ’60s and ’70s and later became a spokesperson for Native American rights. His musical influence shaped the group.

Originally from Canada, singer/songwriter Amanda Rheaume is an important voice in Indigenous music. She has released five full-length albums, and her 2013 album Keep a Fire was nominated for a JUNO Award. She is committed to raising Indigenous sovereignty in the music industry.

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